According to an analysis by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, ten members of the newly elected 113th Congress do not belong to any particular faith, don’t know, or refuse to disclose their religion. That’s twice as many as the 111th Congress.
Considering there are 435 seats in the House and 100 in the Senate, such a small number can seem rather trivial. And in all honesty it is. In fact, since the early 1960s, there has never been more than eight religiously unaffiliated members of Congress. So, no big deal, right? Not necessarily.
While it’s unlikely Congressional caucuses promoting out and out atheism are going to start sprouting up, it’s unsettling to know that after all the time spent debating religious liberty last year that millions of Americans continue to support lawmakers who fail to recognize the importance of religion in their everyday lives.
Then again, perhaps it shouldn’t be all that surprising. According to a Pew study released this past October, one-in-five adults have no religious affiliation at all. And polls indicate that most Americans would be comfortable voting for an atheist for president.
According to Pew’s analysis, “the changes in the religious makeup of Congress during the last half-century mirror broader changes in American society. Congress, like the nation as a whole, has become much less Protestant and more religiously diverse.”
Shockingly, Catholics picked up more seats than any other faith this year by adding seven seats to the 156 they already had in the 112th Congress. Currently, there are 75 Catholics who serve as Democrats in the House and 18 who serve in the Senate. As for Catholic Republicans? 61 are in the House and 9 are in the Senate.
Since 1961, Catholics have gone from 19% of the congressional membership to 30%, even though they comprise only 22% of the adult population. As President Obama is fond of saying, Catholics are “punching above their weight class” when it comes to public office.