The Pope Emeritus Responds to an Atheist

Benedykt_XVI_(2010-10-17)_2The National Catholic Register’s website has the full text of Pope emeritus Benedict’s letter in response to the Italian atheist, Piergiorgio Odifreddi.  Odifreddi had written a book —Dear Pope, I am Writing to Youwhich dealt critically with some of Benedict’s own writings, such as Jesus of Nazareth and Introduction to Christianity.  Odifreddi’s book came out in 2011, but Benedict explains that his duties prevented him from responding before now.

I had to smile at his opening paragraphs, in which Benedict addresses his critic courteously but forcefully:

Today, therefore, I would at last like to thank you for having sought in great detail to confront my book, and thus also my faith. This in large part was precisely what I intended in my address to the Roman Curia at Christmas 2009. I must also thank you for the faithful manner in which you dealt with my text, earnestly seeking to do it justice.

My opinion of your book as a whole, however, is rather mixed. I read some parts of it with enjoyment and profit. In other parts, however, I was surprised by a certain aggressiveness and rashness of argumentation.

I would like to respond chapter by chapter, but unfortunately I do not have sufficient strength for this. I shall therefore choose a few points that I think are particularly important.

When I read that I thought: “Yes, Odifreddi, you got the pope to read your book–but you also awakened the old German university professor!”

Beyond this, however, the letter contains a number of nice passages on various important topics.

  • On the relationship between faith and reason: “An important function of theology is to keep religion tied to reason and reason to religion. Both roles are of essential importance for humanity. In my dialogue with Habermas, I have shown that there are pathologies of religion and — no less dangerous — pathologies of reason. They both need each other, and keeping them constantly connected is an important task of theology.”
  • On the Church as a sign of goodness and beauty, despite the evils that afflict it: “If we may not remain silent about evil in the Church, then neither should we keep silent about the great shining path of goodness and purity which the Christian faith has traced out over the course of the centuries. We need to remember the great and pure figures which the faith has produced — from Benedict of Nursia and his sister Scholastica, to Francis and Claire of Assisi, to Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross, to the great saints of charity like Vincent de Paul and Camillo de Lellis, to Mother Teresa of Calcutta and the great and noble figures of nineteenth century Turin. It is also true today that faith moves many people to selfless love, to service to others, to sincerity and to justice. You cannot know how many forms of selfless assistance to the suffering are realized through the service of the Church and its faithful. If you were to take away everything that is done from these motives, it would cause a far-reaching social collapse. Lastly, neither should one keep silent regarding the artistic beauty which the faith has given to the world: nowhere is it better seen than in Italy. Think also of the music which has been inspired by faith, from Gregorian chant to Palestrina, Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Bruckner, Brahms, and so on.”
  • On the limits of a mathematical or naturalistic/scientistic religion: “I would like especially to note that in your religion of mathematics three fundamental themes of human existence are not considered: freedom, love and evil. I am surprised that with a nod you set aside freedom which has been and still remains a fundamental value of the modern age. Love does not appear in your book, nor does the question of evil. Whatever neurobiology says or does not say about freedom, in the real drama of our history it is present as a crucial reality and it must be taken into account. However, your mathematical religion knows of no answer to the question of freedom, it ignores love and it does not give us any information on evil. A religion that neglects these fundamental questions is empty.”



Categories:Culture Pope Benedict Theology

  • Antonio A. Badilla

    I very much like the first answer of HH because in the pages of the most important Costa Rican newspaper, I have to often defend the Church against the accusation that we, believers, somehow do not believe in reason.
    I wish I had a Spanish copy of what was said by Pope Benedict XVI.

  • christopher Adjayen

    God Bless the pope and preserve him

  • Orazio N. Giunta

    Great article and links to the full texts.
    • A recurring subject of the modern times and of fundamental topicality.
    • I haven’t finished reading all of the 11 pages yet (both in English and Italian), but the theological masterdom of Pope Emeritus has already been sparkling throughout as expected.
    • Thanks for posting this.

  • Orazio N. Giunta

    Dear CV,

    Please correct the typo in the heading from “REPONDS” to “RESPONDS”..



    • Joshua Mercer

      Done! Thanks for the head up.

      • Orazio N. Giunta

        Still both the URL and when one clicks “like/share” give the old one.

  • Jrogers

    May I ask all the above ‘replies’ what in the world do your comments have to do with Benedicts response to Mr.Odifreddi book? I’m just not getting it here.
    I just read all 6 again. No, remarks on Pope vs. Mr. Odifreddi.

  • Norma Reyes

    Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI will forever be the Person of Every Year for me! Never mind his lack of flamboyancy, the lack of public appeal…what draws me to him is his gentle humility, his depth and profound knowledge of the
    faith, his dignity…I’ve loved John Paul II and I now love Pope Francis. Yet it is the beloved Pope Emeritus who will forever be etched in my heart and in my mind. I pray for him unceasingly although I know that even now our Lord Jesus already holds him close to His Sacred Heart!



Receive our updates via email.